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Doctors: Dire Conditions for Migrants  06/27 06:17

   CLINT, Texas (AP) -- Immigrant advocates are asking a federal judge to 
immediately require inspections and let doctors into border detention 
facilities where they say sleep-deprived, flu-stricken children are languishing 
in filthy conditions.

   Doctors and lawyers who visited the facilities in recent weeks outlined 
several damning examples in a court filing late Wednesday that puts more 
pressure on the Trump administration to improve conditions for immigrant 
children. Lawyers are also asking for the prompt release of children to parents 
and close relatives and for the government to be found in contempt of court.

   In one account, the court filing describes how five infants were admitted to 
a neonatal intensive care unit at a local hospital after a doctor visited a 
Customs and Border Protection facility in McAllen, Texas.

   Dr. Dolly Lucio Sevier, a pediatrician who met nearly 40 immigrant children 
at the facility on June 15, said in a declaration filed to the court that the 
conditions there were dire, describing "extreme cold temperatures, lights on 24 
hours a day, no adequate access to medical care, basic sanitation, water, or 
adequate food." She said there are several teen mothers at the facility.

   "It is obvious that the dignity and well-being of children is not even an 
afterthought in the design of the center," she wrote.

   In another declaration, a 16-year-old girl from Honduras recounted how she 
and her 8-month old daughter were placed in a facility where they couldn't 
shower for eight days.

   The girl said her daughter ran a high fever and was given medicine but began 
vomiting and had diarrhea the next day. She said she asked to see a doctor, but 
wasn't taken. "The guard said, 'She doesn't have the face of a sick baby,'" the 
girl recalled, adding that her daughter has since lost so much weight her pants 
are loose.

   The Trump administration is facing growing backlash over its handling of a 
surge in immigrant families and children at the border. Five children have died 
since late last year after being detained by the government, and lawyers who 
visited a Border Patrol station near El Paso last week described kids living in 
squalid conditions with little care and inadequate food, water and sanitation.

   They met one sick 2-year-old boy without a diaper who had wet his pants, his 
shirt smeared in mucus. In another Texas border facility this month, a 
17-year-old Guatemalan girl was seen in a wheelchair with a premature baby who 
advocates said should have been in the hospital. The mother had been at the 
facility for nine days when advocates found her.

   Customs and Border Protection officials insist that children at the facility 
in Clint, Texas, are receiving good care, and they provided a rare tour of the 
station to journalists on Wednesday.

   Migrant children being housed there were being watched by hallway monitors. 
Children appeared to be wearing clean clothes, and at least a half dozen 
hallway monitors were brought in to help watch the 117 children being kept 
there --- less than half the number of young migrants who were crammed into the 
facility last week.

   The children were housed in an industrial garage filled with bunk beds, or 
in cells with bunk beds and cots that included a bathroom area separated by a 
cinder block partition. The doors were left unlocked and the kids were free to 
move around.

   "Not ideal, but what we had to do," Matt Harris, the Border Patrol agent in 
charge of the facility, said about adapting the space that was originally 
designed to hold adults.

   The building still doesn't have a proper kitchen, and the only warm meals 
were ones that could be cooked in a microwave. Journalists touring the building 
saw stacks of instant oatmeal and instant noodles. Officials said the children 
also were being served burritos, and had unlimited access to snacks.

   Mostly, the children sat together in the cells, singing songs, talking and 
at least in one instance, braiding each other's hair. In the garage, a group of 
boys kicked around a soccer ball.

   U.S. agencies have been scrambling to find adequate facilities for migrants 
streaming across the border with Mexico, and the Border Patrol has been 
detaining some children for weeks as opposed to the court-mandated 72 hours, 
because the U.S. Department Health and Human Services said it doesn't have the 
capacity to take them.

   But records obtained by The Associated Press showed that Health and Human 
Services had at least 500 beds available as the children languished last week 
in the Clint facility. The records show that the agency had beds available in 
facilities in several states, including Texas, Arizona, and California.

   The system remains close to full, at around 94% capacity in the most recent 
records provided to AP. In a statement, the agency said it was "virtually 
impossible" for the department to reach 100% capacity because certain beds are 
set aside for certain age groups or classes of children.

   Harris said children have been staying at the Clint facility an average of 
six to 10 days, and in some instances for as long as 30 days. And the facility, 
which was originally designed to hold a little over 100 people, at one point 
this year was housing 700 children, he added.

   "This is not a detention center. It's a holding area," said Aaron Hull, 
chief of the El Paso Border Patrol sector.

   Last year, Border Patrol spent a little more than $1,000 a day on supplies 
for migrants being held across the Border Patrol's El Paso sector, Hull said. 
This year, because of the ballooning number of migrants and the backlog, the 
agency is spending $4,000 a day just to buy enough food, medicines and other 
supplies to keep the Clint facility operating. Across the El Paso sector, the 
cost has risen to $61,000 a day.

   In the court filings, lawyers said children are being denied soap and 
showers and flu is spreading through the facilities. Some haven't brushed their 
teeth for days or weeks and are still wearing the same dirty clothes they used 
to cross the border weeks before.

   The legal case over the detention of immigrant children dates back decades. 
Advocates reached a settlement with the U.S. government in 1997 that has set 
the rules for custody conditions ever since.

   "I can only hope that the public outcry from hearing about sick babies and 
toddlers deprived of soap, food and blankets --- and children being denied 
emergency medical attention after getting sick from squalid conditions --- will 
force change," said Leecia Welch, senior director of legal advocacy and child 
welfare at the National Center for Youth Law.


(KA)

 
 
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